How To Connect Two Routers Properly

April 16, 2021 Software

This article briefs you about how to connect two routers properly in a step by step manner. Two routers are connected in a few situations; one router may be insufficient to provide high-quality Wi-Fi coverage. It means that one router may be unable to provide the desired Wi-Fi coverage area or may not have the number of ports required for the devices connected to such a network. 

A router is a device that communicates between the internet and the devices in our home that connects us to the internet and allows multiple computers to join the same network. It sends the data from one network to another network with the help of their IP addresses.

Most home PCs use one router, but one router may be insufficient to build a network or provide high-quality Wi-Fi coverage in some situations. Some rooms and premises may appear to be beyond the range of your router’s Wi-Fi signal. 

This state is well-known to people of buildings, apartments, and an office consisting of many rooms. So adding a second router or even more makes sense as it acts as a range extender to our existing network to support a larger number of wireless devices. 

A second router can be set up on the same home network so that it can share the same SSID as the primary router, which will connect to the router that provides the stronger signal.  So, to reach dead spots and to network a wired device that’s too far away from the original router,  or when it’s unable to provide the desired Wi-Fi coverage, wireless routers are used.

And it’s not that tough as it may seem.

Connecting Two Routers

Routers are connected to Increase the Range or Handle more connections. So we can connect routers in 2 ways. 

  • Wired connection ( Using Ethernet )
  • Wireless connection

Wired Connection

Connecting  Router Using Ethernet

We need to have to lay the cable from one router to the other(s). It’s not a  convenient way, but If you want a steadily operating network with high speed for a large number of devices, the routers need to use the cable connection as it’s a more stable and reliable way to get connected.

  1. Selecting Primary and Secondary Router

  First, you need to select a principal (primary) router. Use the newest model as the base router.

This router is the extending router for your network. You can also create a secondary network (LAN-LAN | LAN-WAN network)

  1. Deciding the type of network.

Now, for connecting two routers to each other,  decide which will be the primary router and the secondary. Pick up the fully-featured router to be the primary. After this step, place both of the routers close to the pc just for ease of access; later, both can be moved to their permanent location. Both of these Networks can be connected using Ethernet and wirelessly; instead, the uses are different. 

LAN-LAN Network 

LAN-to-LAN connectivity allows you to share files between devices and  extends your existing network connection and SSID to include the second router 

  • Extending the Wi-Fi range
  • Sharing the files between the nodes and Accessing the data from other nodes

 

 LAN-WAN Network

 

  • Creates a virtual or secondary network inside the leading system.
  • This Network places restrictions on sharing data through nodes.

 

We are now coming to know about connecting routers through Ethernet.

  • Connect your modem to the primary router using an Ethernet cable
  • Connect the primary router and system/computer using another Ethernet cable

 

Configuring the primary router

  • Type the IP address (e.g. 10.0.0.2) and login credentials in a web browser. ( Each routers IP and login credentials may vary, so read the documentation of your router )
  • Find the setting page ( It may vary from model to model, so read the documentation before )

 

Change the DHCP settings.

  1. For LAN-to-WAN network

 Go to the router’s page and set the primary router’s DHCP service addresses between 192.168.1.2 and 192.168.1.50.

  1. For LAN-to-LAN network

Leave the default DHCP settings. Disconnect the computer from the router after the configuration is finished.

 

Configuring the secondary router

  • Type the IP address (e.g. 192.168.0.1) and login credentials in a web browser. ( Each routers IP and login credentials may vary, so read the documentation of your router )
  • Find the setting page ( It may vary from model to model, so read the documentation before )

 

Change the DHCP settings.

  1. For LAN-to-WAN network

  Go to the router’s page and set the secondary router’s DHCP service addresses between 192.168.2.2 and 192.168.2.50.

 

  1. For LAN-to-LAN network

                   The DHCP service should be turned off in the secondary router.

                   Setting the channels

  1. If routers are wireless, then you have to set the channels manually.
  • In the primary router’s set channels between 1 to 6. 
  • In the secondary router, set the channel to 11.

         If the routers are wired, leave this setup.

Connecting the routers 

 

  1. For LAN-LAN Network
  • Plug Ethernet cable into any LAN port of the Primary router.
  • Then, Plug the other end of the cable into any LAN port of the secondary router.

 

  1. For LAN-WAN Network
  • Plug Ethernet cable into any LAN port of the Primary router.
  • Then, Plug the other end of the cable into any WAN port or Internet port of the Secondary router.

 

Now let’s know how to connect routers wirelessly.

 

Note 

  • Most wireless routers are compatible with making a secondary network or increasing range, but some are not.

 

  • To make a separate wireless network inside a primary network. The secondary network must the capability of “repeater” or “bridge” mode. ( Check the documentation of the router to confirm)

 

  Setting Up Primary Router 

  • Connect the Primary router to the computer using the Ethernet cable and get the ip address range and subnet mask by typing ip address in the web browser and using login credentials.

In the router’s web interface, enter the router’s IP address into the URL bar of your web browser and then log into it. After completing, log out and disconnect from the router.

setting up router first

Setting Up Secondary Router

  • Connect the Secondary router to the computer using an Ethernet cable.
  • Type the ip address in the web browser and the login credentials.
  • Enabling Bridge Mode

Within the setup page, go to“Network Mode” inside “Connection Type” or “Wireless Mode”.Click  “Bridge Mode” or “Repeater Mode”. Find the menu options “Bridge Mode” or “Repeater Mode”, or “Wireless Mode” and select the options. If you can’t find the menu options likely, your router can’t connect wirelessly. But you can connect using an Ethernet cable.

  • Enter the DHCP range or ip address and subnet mask range obtained from the Primary router. OR if you can see the router available around you, try on clicking them connecting as an access point.

Final Touch Up

  • Place the Secondary router at 40-50% signal strength from the Primary secondary.
  • Try to keep the Secondary router in the line of sight of the Primary router.

Conclusion

These were the methods of connecting two routers, wireless or wired, in a step by step manner and the precautions.